The key step in finding the right shoe for you is determining the amount of support that you need.
This is best done through a gait analysis during which the motion of your feet is observed to
determine the level of pronation during activity. Pronation is the inward rolling of the foot when
your arch collapses during the gait cycle. This motion needs to be controlled in order to minimize
the chances of injury and to produce the most efficient gait possible. It is also important to look
at the wear on your old running shoes. If the tread wear is on the outside of the shoe you are
likely to need a more cushioned shoe. If the wear is on the inside of the sole you may need a more
stable shoe. If the wear runs down the middle of the tread you are probably wearing an appropriate
shoe type. Finally, foot shape plays a role.
The key step in finding the right shoe for you is
determining the amount of support that you need.
People with a high, rigid arch require more cushioning for shock absorption, as their arches do not
provide it naturally. Most runners in this category will have a neutral gait, however, some may run
on the outside of their feet (supination) and are prime candidates for a cushioning shoe.
Keep in mind that severe supinatiors may need a special Motion Control shoe. People in Cushioning
shoes generally have crescent-shaped footprints.
This runner has a fairly neutral gait or mild over-pronation. This type of foot would benefit from
a Stable Cushioning shoe. Foot shape is curved but not dramatically so.
This shoe provides good support for the person who does not pronate severely but who does have
noticeable over-pronation. The foot-type will typically have a defined arch that flattens only when
People in need of motion control shoes generally have feet that are hypermobile (flexible) with a
low arch. They need a very supportive shoe to counteract their high degree of pronation or movement.
Keep in mind it is possible to have a flat foot or low arch without being a severe over-pronator.
People in need of Motion Control shoes generally have a full, oval footprint.
Keep in mind that an orthotic greatly affects
the type of shoe that is appropriate for you. When shopping
for new shoes make sure to bring in your old shoes, your
orthotics if you use any and the socks you typically run in.